The effects of long-term distance learning in schools or universities are enormous, especially in terms of mental health. Many young people already need the help of a therapist or psychologist, says psychologist Dr. Marta Przechmiecka from the Institute of Psychology at the University of Lodz.
From Monday, all students in Poland returned to distance learning. Until now, in most of the country, students in grades 1-3 have studied in schools. Students also learn in the distance learning formula.
When asked about the consequences of many months of teaching in this form, the psychologist Dr. Marta Znmiecka from the Institute of Psychology at the University of Łódź drew attention to the aspect of mental health.
"The teaching process includes not only the issues of transferring knowledge and acquiring it, but also educating and meeting needs, including contact with other people, being in a social group. Now these needs have not been met for a year" - she noted.
Speaking about the effects of long-term distance learning, she pointed to damage to mental health.
"I think we will touch on these problems more and more. Many children already need the help of a psychologist or therapist" - she noted.
"Various fears intensify. We encounter situations where young people are afraid to go out into the street. When they meet in real life, they do not really know how to be with each other or what to talk about" - she explained.
According to the expert, many of the consequences related to mental health are yet to be revealed. "There will be a number of negative effects of this isolation" - she emphasized.
She also pointed to the reduced effectiveness of teaching. "It will drop drastically, these people will have deficits that they will have to make up somewhere, for example in the form of tutoring. It will come out over time" - she emphasized.
However, the worst consequence of lockdown - according to the psychologist - will be the social consequences for the development of young people that cannot be made up for: acquiring social competences, experience in being with another person, communication, conflict resolution.
"Whenever possible, return to hybrid teaching should be considered" - the expert recommends.
Dr. Znmiecka added that at present, a one-sided message is directed to young people in the learning process.
"They don't have the ability to work in a team or the possibilities are very limited," she said. In her opinion, this means that learning takes place "through a very narrow channel".
"The teacher communicates, the student usually works individually, something is also done in teams, but this is not a kind of interaction like in the real world. The social sphere is largely unsatisfied" - she noted.
In the opinion of Dr. Znmiecka, remote learning requires many competences both from the teacher and the students: the ability to focus, self-motivate, and concentrate.
"But there are a lot of distractions. I watch how young people learn. Often the music is played in the background, the phone is lying next to, next to a game. The effectiveness of the remote teaching process is, from my observations, much lower" - she noted.
According to her, it is necessary to use other teaching methods. "For example, short papers submitted during classes, and webcams on, although students are reluctant to do it, work well for me. Thanks to this, interaction during classes is better" - she emphasized. (PAP)
Author: Szymon Zdziebijowski