From mid-2022, all new vehicles in the EU will be equipped with detectors monitoring the driver's concentration and, if necessary, warn about drowsiness or fatigue, informs the Motor Transport Institute. ITS research shows that 10 percent. accidents on motorways are the result of being tired or falling asleep.
According to the data of the Polish Road Safety Observatory ITS, 10 percent. accidents on motorways and every twelfth accident on expressways is the result of fatigue or falling asleep at the wheel. On the other hand, the analyzes of the European Commission indicate that fatigue may be caused by up to 20 percent. accidents.
"One of the reasons for this is long and monotonous driving, which promotes the loss of concentration. It is estimated that driving a vehicle for several hours is comparable to driving after drinking alcohol. Paradoxically, the greater the fatigue, the more likely drivers are to take up driving for several hours. the risk of further driving "- informs ITS, referring to the European ESRA research.
Therefore, from the middle of next year, all newly approved vehicles in the European Union will be equipped with detectors monitoring the state of concentration of the driver and, if necessary, warn about drowsiness or fatigue.
"This is the next step in the digital evolution of road transport, which is to be safer and sustainable. Please note that with each generation of vehicles, there are all kinds of electronic assistants, whose task is to care for the safety of not only the driver and passengers, but also other participants This multitude of systems gradually brings us closer to self-steering vehicles, which will provide us with even greater protection - says the ITS director, Prof. Marcin Ślęzak, quoted in the release.
The Institute notes that such solutions are now optional equipment for many vehicles, and in some cases - in higher trim levels - standard.
"By assessing the steering wheel movement, the system checks whether the driver is making precise maneuvers and how often he corrects the track. It informs the driver about a potential hazard by means of an audible signal and a text message - + time for a break +" - emphasizes ITS. He adds that in the near future these systems will be enriched with cameras and optical sensors installed in the vehicle cabin. Thanks to special algorithms, they will constantly watch over the condition of the driver, tracking his eyesight and head movement.
ITS points out, however, that with the development of technology - including the one that detects fatigue - there is a fear that their widespread use may be dangerous, e.g. in the field of cybersecurity. "From a car taken over by a hacker, it will be possible to obtain, for example, images recorded by internal cameras" - we read.
"Therefore, the issue of securing cars against such a scenario before they hit the roads becomes important. Among other things, this issue is the subject of analyzes of the + AV-PL-ROAD - Polish road to road transport automation + project, which we implement together with the Ministry of Infrastructure and the Faculty of Transport of the Warsaw University of Technology "- indicates Mikołaj Kruszewski from ITS.
Kruszewski adds that the results of this project "will be a kind of almanac of knowledge on the safe implementation of modern vehicles into road traffic", also in terms of legal aspects and cybersecurity.
As ITS reminds - in line with EU assumptions - apart from detectors detecting drowsiness and fatigue of the driver, vehicles will also have to have systems responsible for speed control, keeping the car in the lane and recording the car's parameters at the time of a collision, i.e. black boxes. The regulations will apply from mid-2022 and will apply to all new types of cars (PAP).
author: Marcin Chomiuk