Israeli archaeologists announced on Tuesday the discovery of several dozen scroll fragments in a cave by the Dead Sea containing biblical texts from the books of the prophets Zechariah and Nahum. The passages are written in Greek, and only the name of God is written in Hebrew.
The divine name was written using the Paleo-Hebrew script, which differs significantly from that used today.
The fragments were radiocarbon dated to the 2nd century AD and are believed to have been hidden in a cave in the Judean Desert during the Jewish anti-Roman uprising.
The Dead Sea Scrolls, also known as the Qumran Manuscripts, are a collection of texts found in desert caves in the West Bank in the 1940s and 1950s, dating from the 2nd century BC to the 2nd century AD. the earliest known copies of biblical texts and documents depicting the beliefs of a little-known Jewish group of Essenes.
Since 2017, Israeli surveillance of monuments has led the effort to save ancient cave artifacts across the Judean Desert from the frequent looting that has taken place in the region since the famous discovery of the Qumran Scrolls by the Bedouins over 70 years ago.
So far, an area of approximately 80 square kilometers has been studied by three teams led by archaeologists who use drones and the latest equipment for zip lines and mountain climbing to access inaccessible caves.
Along with fragments of the biblical text, a large, woven basket with a capacity of about 90-100 liters, which may be 10,500 cubic meters, was also found. years.
Joanna Baczała (PAP)