The Covid-19 pandemic will dominate 2020. About 1.7 million people died because of it, and over 77 million were infected. In most countries, schools have been closed, and most sports, cultural events, etc. have been cancelled. The world economy has been hit by its worst recession in almost 100 years.
In the past year, there were also the assassination of Iranian general Kasem Suleimani, the impeachment trial of US President Donald Trump, international protests over the death of black American George Floyd during brutal police intervention, and the imposition of a state security law on Hong Kong, a massive explosion in Beirut port in the city, post-election protests Belarus and the resumption of the armed conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. Below we present the calendar of the most important events in the world in 2020.
1.1. AUSTRALIA - Over 180,000 people were burned in fires since December 2019 square kilometers of forests. At least 34 people died (and 445 from smoke inhalation) and thousands were left homeless. According to scientists, the fire could kill from 500 million to even a billion animals.
3.1. IRAQ - Iranian general Kasem Suleimani, commander of the elite Al-Quds unit, an expeditionary force of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, died in a rocket attack by US forces. According to the media, he was "the most influential modern general in the Middle East" and the second most important person in Iran. In retaliation, a few days later, more than 20 missiles were fired from Iran and hit US targets in Iraq. According to the American authorities, there were no casualties.
7.1. CHINA - Authorities announced that an unidentified respiratory disease diagnosed in dozens of people is caused by a new type of coronavirus.
8.1 IRAN - 176 people died in the crash of the Boeing 737 of the Ukrainian airlines Ukraine International Airlines near Tehran. After three days, Iranian authorities admitted that its military forces shot down the plane as a result of "catastrophic human error" amid increased tensions from the US.
8.1. TURKEY - Inauguration of the Turkish Stream gas pipeline, running from Russia to the European part of Turkey on the bottom of the Black Sea.
11.1. CHINA - Authorities confirmed first death from novel coronavirus. A 61-year-old man who often visited Wuhan's Huanan Seafood Market, believed to be the origin of the virus, has died.
13.1. THAILAND - Authorities have confirmed first case of coronavirus infection outside of China. Further infections were reported in South Korea and Japan.
14.1. WORLD - The World Health Organization has warned of the spread of the new coronavirus that "may be transmitted from person to person."
16.1. RUSSIA - After the resignation of Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, Mikhail Mishustin became the new head of government, who is considered an effective manager and reformer of the tax services.
16.1. USA - The impeachment trial of President Donald Trump, accused of abuse of power for personal political gain, and obstruction of an investigation in Congress to clarify the matter, has formally opened in the Senate.
18.1. UNITED KINGDOM - Buckingham Palace has announced that Prince Harry and Duchess Meghan will not use the titles of Their Royal Highnesses (HRH), will not formally represent the Queen, or receive public funding to fulfill their royal duties. Earlier, the princely couple announced that they intend to relinquish their role as high-ranking members of the royal family, want to support themselves, and share time between Great Britain and North America.
20.1. USA - First case of coronavirus infection in the United States has been confirmed. By the end of the year, over 320,000 people in this country will die from Covid-19. sick, and approximately 18 million people will become infected.
23.1. CHINA - Authorities shut down Wuhan City in Hubei Province. During this time, there have been at least 17 deaths from the coronavirus and 570 cases of infections, including in Japan, Thailand, South Korea, USA and Taiwan.
23.1. ISRAEL - The World Holocaust Forum was held in Jerusalem, where four leaders representing the victorious countries of World War II (US Vice President Mike Pence, Russian President Vladimir Putin, French President Emmanuel Macron, British Prince Charles) and German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier spoke on behalf of perpetrator states. Polish President Andrzej Duda, who was denied the right to speak, resigned from participating in the Forum.
24.1. FRANCE - First case of coronavirus infection in Europe confirmed. Over 60,000 people will die in France by the end of the year. sick, and over 2.5 million people will be infected.
28.1. USA - President Donald Trump announced a peace plan for the Middle East, later rejected by the Palestinians and the Arab League.
29.1. USA - President Donald Trump has signed a Free Trade Agreement between the US, Mexico and Canada (USMCA), replacing NAFTA.
30.1. WORLD - The World Health Organization has announced that the spread of the coronavirus poses an international public health threat. SARS-CoV-2 was then infected in China by approx. 8 thousand. 171 people died, and about 100 cases of infection were detected abroad.
30.1. ITALY - The first two cases of coronavirus infection have been confirmed. By the end of the year, around 70,000 people in Italy will die from this. sick, and about 2 million will be infected.
30.1. INDIA - First coronavirus infection in the country found. By the end of the year, over 145,000 The Indians will die from the pandemic and 10 million will be infected.
31.1. GREAT BRITAIN - Great Britain has officially left the European Union. At the same time, an 11-month transition period began. The first two cases of coronavirus in the country were confirmed on the same day. By the end of the year, approximately 68,000 people will die in Great Britain. sick, and more than 2 million people will become infected.
1.2. PHILIPPINES - First confirmed death from coronavirus outside of China. Until then, there were over 360 deaths and almost 15,000. infections in all provinces of China and around 25 countries of the world.
5.2. JAPAN - Diamond Princess cruise ship quarantine with over 3.6k people on board. When it ended after more than two weeks, more than 600 people were infected.
5.2. USA - The Senate rejected two articles of impeachment by President Donald Trump, who was thus acquitted.
11.2. WORLD - The World Health Organization has announced that the disease caused by the new coronavirus is called Covid-19.
13.2. WORLD - around 60,000 people were infected with the coronavirus people around the world, including 59 thousand. in China and over 500 mainly in the countries of South-East Asia, but also in Australia, Germany, France, the USA and Great Britain.
14.2. FRANCE - First death from coronavirus in Europe confirmed. An 80-year-old tourist from China has died.
19.2. IRAN - The first people infected with the coronavirus have died. By the end of the year, approximately 54,000 people in Iran will die. sick and over a million will become infected.
22.2. ITALY - First Covid-19 death recorded.
25.2. Hosni Mubarak, Egyptian politician and military, president of Egypt since 1981 and deposed during the 2011 Arab Spring, died at the age of 91.
26.2. BRAZIL - First case of coronavirus in Latin America confirmed in Sao Paulo. 190,000 people in Brazil will die from Covid-19 by the end of the year. sick, and over 7.2 million will be infected.
29.2. QATAR - The US has concluded a peace agreement in Doha with the Afghan Taliban, which includes the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan and the exchange of prisoners.
1.3. SYRIA - Turkey has officially launched an offensive against the forces of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. Fighting in Idlib province between government troops backed by Russia and rebels backed by Turkey has been going on since the beginning of the year.
11.3. WORLD - The World Health Organization has declared the coronavirus pandemic.
11.3. USA - Movie magnate Harvey Weinstein was sentenced to 23 years in prison for rape and extortion.
13.3. WORLD - The World Health Organization has announced that Europe has become the center of the coronavirus pandemic. Worldwide, the virus has killed over 5,000. people, although after a week there were already 10 thousand. victims.
18.3. EU - EU leaders have agreed to close the Community's external borders for 30 days due to the coronavirus. States of emergency or lockdowns have been declared in many European countries, incl. in Italy, France, Spain, Belgium and the Czech Republic. By the end of March, according to the media, a third of the world's population was in some form of a lockdown.
20.3. INDIA - Four men sentenced to death for the rape and murder of a 23-year-old student in 2012 were executed in a Delhi prison. Jyoti Singh's death sparked protests across India and shocked the world.
24.3. SWITZERLAND - The International Olympic Committee announced that the Tokyo Games have been postponed to 2021.
26.3. USA - The United States has the highest number of coronavirus infections confirmed in the world. By the end of the year, the country will remain the first country in terms of both infections (around 18 million) and deaths caused by Covid-19 (over 300,000). Worldwide, there were over 500,000. infection.
27.3. UNITED KINGDOM - It has been made public that British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has the coronavirus. The group of world leaders infected during the pandemic was joined by, among others in April the Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, in July the Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, in October the US President Donald Trump, and in December the French President Emmanuel Macron.
27.3. NORTH MACEDONIA - The country became the 30th member of NATO.
2.4. WORLD - The number of people infected with the coronavirus worldwide has exceeded one million. Over 51 thousand died sick, this number will double in a week.
7.4. AUSTRALIA - Australia's Supreme Court overturned Cardinal George Pell's sentence of 6 years in prison for acts of pedophilia and acquitted the hierarch. Pell was the Church's supreme dignitary convicted in a pedophilia case. He spent over 400 days in prison.
12.4. WORLD - Due to the decline in demand caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, OPEC countries and the OPEC + group have agreed to introduce the largest cut in oil production in history, by 10%. world supply.
14.4. USA - the International Monetary Fund estimated that the global economy as a result of the coronavirus pandemic will undergo the deepest collapse since the Great Depression in the 1930s.
26.4. WORLD - The number of deaths from Covid-19 has exceeded 200,000 Over 2.8 million infections have been confirmed.
14.5. WORLD - The death toll from Covid-19 has exceeded 300,000 Over 4.5 million infections have been confirmed. The US accounted for over 25 percent. of all deaths, for Great Britain and Italy 10-11%, and for France and Spain 9% each.
22.5. PAKISTAN - 97 people were killed in the Pakistani PIA plane crash in Karachi.
24.5. ISRAEL - The trial of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has begun, accused of corruption, embezzlement and abuse of trust, for which he faces up to 10 years in prison.
25.5. USA - While in police custody in Minneapolis, African American George Floyd died after a policeman pinched his knee on his neck, causing him to suffocate. Floyd's death sparked numerous and often violent protests in the US and around the world against racism and police brutality.
30.5. USA - A manned Dragon capsule with two American astronauts on board docked at the International Space Station (ISS). For the first time, astronauts took a spacecraft manufactured by a private company into space: the capsule was commissioned by the National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) by the company of the well-known billionaire Elon Musk, SpaceX.
7.6. WORLD - Worldwide, the coronavirus pandemic has claimed over 400,000 fatalities, of which nearly half in Europe, and almost 110 thousand. in Usa. Nearly 7 million infections have been confirmed.
15.6. INDIA - 20 Indian soldiers were killed in a clash with the Chinese army on the disputed border of the two countries in Ladakh in the Galvanian Valley. The Chinese authorities have not confirmed the casualties on their side; American sources said there were 35 of them. It was the first India-China battle with fatalities in 45 years.
16.6. NORTH KOREA - North Korea blew up a liaison office with South Korea. in the border town of Kaesong. The office was launched in September 2018 to facilitate communication and cooperation between the two countries.
28.6. WORLD - The number of victims of the Covid-19 pandemic worldwide exceeded 500,000 Over 10 million infections have been confirmed.
30.6. CHINA - The Beijing State Security Law entered into force in Hong Kong, signaling the beginning of a new era of authoritarianism in this previously highly liberated region of China. The imposition of this law on Hong Kong sparked protests in the region and was criticized by Western countries.
7.7. USA - President Donald Trump's administration has officially withdrawn the United States from the World Health Organization, accusing it of a delayed response to the coronavirus pandemic. According to Trump, the Organization's response to the emergence of the new virus was not appropriate as China "completely controls (it).
9.7. BULGARIA - The ongoing anti-government protests have started. Demonstrators are calling for the resignation of Prime Minister Boyko Borisov and Prosecutor General Ivan Geshev, as well as early parliamentary elections. On some days tens of thousands of people took part in the protests.
10.7. TURKEY - President Tayyip Recep Erdogan signed a decree that formally transformed the Hagia Sophia museum in Istanbul back into a mosque. Hagia Sophia was once a Byzantine basilica, later a mosque, and from 1934 a museum.
21.7. EU - At the EU summit, it was decided to establish a fund for economic recovery worth EUR 750 billion after the coronavirus pandemic.
4.8. LEBANON - An explosion of 2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate in the port of Beirut killed over 220 people and injured 6.5 thousand. and about 300 thousand he had taken a roof over his head. The damage was estimated at $ 10-15 billion. Even before the tragedy, the country was in the worst economic and political crisis in decades.
9.8. BELARUS - Mass protests have begun following the announcement of the results of the presidential elections, in which the outgoing head of state Alyaksandr Lukashenka was to win, gaining almost 80 percent of the vote. votes. During the protests, the authorities have so far arrested around 30,000 people, many were brutally beaten. Four people have died, several dozen are considered missing, and over 1.3 thousand demonstrators were injured.
10.8. WORLD - The number of coronavirus infections in the world has exceeded 20 million - the largest number of infections was recorded in the Americas, and the least on the African continent. There were almost 735 thousand. deaths. Within two weeks, the number of infections increased by 5 million.
11.8. USA - California Senator Kamala Harris was elected by Democratic Party presidential candidate Joe Biden as vice presidential candidate, becoming the first African-American and Indian-American to run for the position.
18.8. MALI - The military made a coup d'état and forced President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita to resign.
20.8. RUSSIA - Russian opposition activist Alexei Navalny was tried to poison with a combat agent from the Nowiczok group. Western countries suspect Russia of an attempted murder, Moscow denies the accusations.
28.8. JAPAN - Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, the country's longest-serving head of government, announced that he is resigning from this function due to health problems.
3.9. SLOVAKIA - The court cleared businessman Marian Koczner and Alena Zsuzsova of the charge of premeditated murder of investigative journalist Jan Kuciak and his fiancée Martina Kusznirova. He sentenced Tomasz Szabo, who helped in the murder, to 25 years in prison. Earlier, the killer of the journalist and his partner, Miroslav Marczek, was sentenced to 23 years in prison.
4.9. The USA - Serbia and Kosovo, after two days of negotiations in Washington, decided to normalize their mutual economic relations.
15.9. USA - Peace agreements between Israel and the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain were signed at the White House. The US administration was the mediator in the negotiations.
18.9. USA - Liberal Supreme Court judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg died at the age of 87. After her death, conservative judge Amy Coney Barrett was nominated for the Supreme Court.
27.9. AZERBAIJAN - There has been a resumption of conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, an Armenian-controlled and inhabited enclave in Azerbaijan territory. Azerbaijan began shelling Armenian settlements, claiming that there had been a provocation by the Armenians living in the enclave earlier.
29.9. WORLD - The Covid-19 pandemic has claimed 1 million lives worldwide. In total, over 32 million infections have been confirmed in 188 countries.
16.10. THAILAND - Authorities imposed a state of emergency in response to the resumption of pro-democracy protests that have been ongoing since mid-July. The demonstrators demanded the resignation of the government, a new constitution and a reform of the monarchy.
19.10. WORLD - 40 million people have been infected with the coronavirus worldwide. More than 1.1 million deaths have been confirmed due to Covid-19.
23.10. ISRAEL - Israel and Sudan have entered into an agreement to normalize relations. The agreement was mediated by the United States, which had removed Sudan from the list of countries sponsoring terrorism a few days earlier.
29.10. SENEGAL - At least 140 people have drowned in this year's worst sea disaster, off the coast of Senegal. There, a boat carrying around 200 migrants heading to Europe capsized.
3.11. USA - Presidential elections have been held. Due to delays in counting votes due to the large number of postal and early voting votes, Democrat Joe Biden's victory was announced by major US media four days later.
4.11. ETHIOPIA - Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019, launched a military intervention in the Tigray province, accusing the region's authorities of seeking secession. In the fighting between the armed forces of Ethiopia and the People's Liberation Front of Tigray, at least several hundred and, according to some sources, thousands of civilians and fighting on both sides were killed.
4.11. US - The US has formally ceased to be a party to the Paris Agreement, the first-ever universal and legally binding climate agreement that, according to the media, is losing importance without US participation.
8.11. WORLD - The number of people confirmed to be infected with coronavirus has exceeded 50 million worldwide, and over 1.25 million patients have died. Approximately 12 million infections have been recorded in Europe, more than in Latin America (over 11.5 million) and Asia (over 11 million).
9.11. AZERBAIJAN - An agreement was concluded ending the latest version of the armed conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, with Russia as the guarantor. Azerbaijan, backed by Turkey, had a military advantage over Armenia and managed to take control of some territories previously controlled by Armenians. The parties agreed to introduce Russian peacekeepers into Karabakh.
16.11. USA - Preliminary results of clinical trials of the Covid-19 Moderny vaccine showed an effectiveness of 94.5%. Two days later, the Pfizer concern announced that the final results of the final phase of research on the vaccine project prepared with BioNTech showed 95 percent. effectiveness.
26.11. INDIA - 200-300 thousand farmers demonstrated outside Delhi against new government-enacted agricultural laws that they believe would make rural residents dependent on big corporations. Indian media reported that 250 million workers nationwide took part in the 24-hour general strike.
27.11. IRAN - Iranian scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, believed to be a promoter of the Iranian nuclear program, was murdered near Tehran. Israel is suspected of having committed the attack.
4.12. WORLD - 1.5 million people died worldwide from Covid-19 and 65 million people were infected.
8.12. UNITED KINGDOM - Vaccination against Covid-19 has started in the UK. This is the first country in the world where a vaccine developed by Pfizer and BioNTech came into use.
10.12. USA - The White House announced that Morocco will conclude an agreement to normalize relations with Israel, negotiated by Washington, which will therefore recognize the country's sovereign right over Western Sahara.
11.12. EU - EU leaders raised to 55% greenhouse gas emission reduction target for the entire EU by 2030.
18.12. WORLD - The number of people infected with coronavirus in the world has exceeded 75 million, more than 1.6 million patients have died.
21.12. The EU - the European Medicines Agency has decided to conditionally authorize the vaccine Pfizer and BioNTech against Covid-19. On the same day, the European Commission approved the authorization of this preparation for marketing in the European Union; is the first Covid-19 vaccine approved for use in the EU. The head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, announced that vaccination in EU countries will start on December 27-29. (PAP)